|FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE EXPORT RULES
Vaccination - The Quickest Way to Restore Export Status
Dr Richard North, and Juanita Wilson of Mossburn Animal Centre, study ways to defend the Sanctuary from MAFF.
INTERNATIONAL EXPORT RULES
In relation to the current foot and mouth epidemic in the UK, and our ability to export with and without vaccination, Articles 184.108.40.206 and 220.127.116.11 apply.
Respectively, these relate to "FMD free" countries where "vaccination is not practiced" and "FMD free" countries where "vaccination is practiced".
TO QUALIFY FOR DISEASE-FREE STATUS, WHERE "VACCINATION IS NOT
If we use vaccine now, to contain and cut short the outbreak, we will still be getting outbreaks after we vaccinate, but the last outbreak will occur before it would otherwise have occurred if we did not use vaccine.
Therefore, under OIE rules, we would regain our disease-free status sooner if we vaccinate.
IF WE WISHED TO GO FOR DISEASE-FREE STATUS "WHERE VACCINATION IS
Nowhere in the OIE code does it specify or require that vaccinated animals are slaughtered and nor would it make any difference whatsoever to the speed with which the UK returns to foot and mouth free status.
The operative date, from when disease-free status kicks in, is determined by the last date of vaccination (or the last outbreak, as the case may be). Whether animals are slaughtered or not is irrelevant. Any which way the situation is assessed, the key is to eliminate the infection as soon as possible and end the outbreaks. Since vaccination would speed up this process, this is the most logical option.
THE EU RULES
In this context, the restriction which applies to the trade in vaccinated animals - of 12 months - is in any event over-ridden by the prohibition of sale of animals (article 3) from territories which have not been free from foot and mouth for 12 months, which brings the EU law in conformity with the OIE rules.
Therefore, under EU rules, the application of emergency vaccination would be the fastest way of restoring the export trade.
SLAUGHTER OF VACCINATED ANIMALS